Tree love

#ThursdayTreeLove: The sacred connection of the Wood Apple tree to Lord Shiva

Genus: Aegle marmelos

Common name: Wood apple / Bael / Bengal Quince / Golden Apple / Stone Apple / Japanese bitter orange / Bilwa

I had my first sip of the Bael Sherbet in New Delhi, on a hot afternoon when the server suggested I try it out. It was one of the most gratifying drinks I have ever had in my life.

The wood apple is a fleshy, seed filled fruit which has a very hard outer covering and needs to be broken with the help of a hammer. The fruit can be eaten fresh or dried and its juice can be strained out to make a lemonade like drink which is beneficial in cooling one down in the harsh summer heat.

The fruit is also called Shriphala which means the fruit of Shri. Shri is another name for Goddess laxmi who is the consort of Lord Vishnu.

Wood apple tree is considered a sacred tree in the devotion of Lord Shiva and wet leaves are offered in the worship of Lord Shiva. The belief is that if one offers the leaves with a pure and dedicated mind to Lord Shiva, all their negative energies are drained out.

One can keep the leaves of the tree around one’s workplace to cleanse it of negative forces. This is because the leaves emit positive energy and absorb negative one. I guess that’s why I see scores of people plucking them daily in the park.

It is said that the Belpatra or the three forked leaves of the wood apple tree represent the three universal gunas – Sattawa, Rajas and Tamas. Some say the trifoliate leaves represent the holy trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh or simply also the trident of Lord Shiva. It is also said to represent the three eyes of Lord Shiva.

Intrigued? Pin it for later!

bael tree- wood apple- suncity park- gurgaon- thursday tree love
I see this tree in the park where I go for a walk daily. I love how this tree is growing in a perfect diamond shape – do you see it too?

One finds this tree planted near most temples of Shiva’s consort Parvati. Some legends claim that the Bael tree originated from the drops of sweat that fell from the brow of Goddess Parvati on Mt. Mandara. Another legend claims that Goddess Parvati used to offer 1000 lotus buds in her devotion to Shiva. One day she fell short of 2 buds. Remembering that Lord Shiva had compared her breasts to buds, she decided to cut and offer those. As soon as she cut one off, Lord Shiva appeared before her and pleased with her devotion, turned her cut breast into Bael fruit.

Its said that Shiva is very fond of the leaves of this tree as Goddess Parvati resides in this form in them. In fact its said that all her forms are represented in all parts of the tree.

  • Girija in the roots
  • Maheshwari in its trunk
  • Dakshayani in its branches
  • Parvati in its leaves
  • Katyayani in its fruit
  • Gauri in its flowers

In the Newar community of Nepal there is a very interesting custom surrounding the Bael tree. Young girls are said to be married off to the Bael fruit and this way a girl is never considered a widow (even if her husband dies) for she is forever married to Lord Kumar who is the son of Lord Shiva.

The tree has huge medicial properties and every part of the tree- from the root, leaf, fruit, seed and trunk are used to cure several human ailments.


I bet you didn’t every guess how sacred a tree can be to a deity? I was totally blown away by the connection with Lord Shiva and the wood apple tree. Wonder how you felt? Have you ever seen this tree or had the juice of its fruit?

Thursday Tree Love is a fabulous tree hop by the lovely Parul K Thakur who opens the blog hop every 2nd and 4th Thursday of the month. So if you have a gorgeous tree to share with us, please link up on her post.

Meantime you can have a look at the tree I shared last fortnight here

Facebook Comments

22 thoughts on “#ThursdayTreeLove: The sacred connection of the Wood Apple tree to Lord Shiva

  1. Who knew Bael is known as wood apple! Atleast I didn’t. I have heard about the ‘Thandi taaseer’ of the Bael Sherbet though, but never had one. Thank you for the details of why Bael is dear to Lord Shiva.

    1. ‘Thandi taseer ” is the right way to describe its cooling affects Anamika. Happy to hear that from someone 🙂

  2. Wow, that was informative, Shalz. I never knew any of it. Wood apple is a funny name for a tree. 🙂 Thanks for sharing this detailed post with all the interesting facts surrounding it. Nice click. 🙂

    1. I know what you mean Vini. Even I was amazed to come upon so many facts surrounding this gorgeous fruit and tree. Thanks for liking the pic 🙂

  3. Wow you have impressive knowledge on the tree. I think I had the sherbat only a couple of times but don’t remember the taste. I had heard about girls being married to the tree but didn’t know the reason. Fascinating post.

    1. Oh wow you have heard of girls being married off to the tree. That’s amazing to hear Raji. Thanks for liking the post – am always happy to hear such positive comments .

  4. Thanks for sharing such interesting details.
    We have always use the tri-leaf to adorn shiva in our home temple, but never knew this tree had so many facets to it. My mother always told me that Bael patta is for Shiva and Tulsi for Vishnu.

    Fascinating mythological stories and facets around this much revered tree, that I never knew of.

    Bael sherbet has been a family favourite since my childhood days and continues to be even now. Slightly tedious to make, but the fresh and cooling after effects are all worth the effort.

    Thank you for this post. I once read this post on Kachnar/Camel foot tree by you. We use the bifurcated leaves of Kachnar in our lodges in Central India to make Tikkar Roti, a local tribal chapati that is roasted on dry leaves and recycled wood.

    It’s nice to know about the trees beyond their basic functionalities.

    Thank you.

  5. Wow. So informative it is. I know this tree and leaves very well. We call it as ‘Bilwa patre’ but never knew it as wood apple tree and so many information about it. Learned good info about this tree.

    1. Thanks Shilpa. Even I was quite amazed to learn all of this about this tree. Happy to hear your name for this tree too 🙂

  6. I loved the details you shared. I am always intrigued by stories associated with mythology. And I never knew Bael is Wood Apple.
    Thanks for sharing, Shalini and joining with this tree and this information.

    1. Thanks Parul. I also love the mythological aspects of the trees around me. It’s amazing how much rverance we used to have for them. Unlike today when we are mindlessly decimating them. I love joining in on the tree posts and it’s a wonderful blog hop for sure 🙂

  7. Oh my such an interesting post, thanks for sharing the details, I never all these details and the benefits of these trees. I heard about the custom in Nepal, when i visited a decade ago but never knew that it was this tree… Thanks for sharing:)

Share your thoughts with me on this post please. Comments will be held in the moderation queue till approved by me.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.